Step By Step Studio Drawing Concepts: A Complete Guide To Essential Drawing Techniques And Fundamentals

If you are a beginner looking to improve your drawing skills, then you have come to the right place. Drawing is a skill that requires practice and dedication, but with the right techniques and fundamentals, anyone can become an amazing artist. In this guide, we will cover the essential drawing techniques and fundamentals that you need to know to become a skilled artist. We will also go over tips on how to approach different drawing styles, so you can start creating your own unique masterpieces in no time.

1. Understanding Basic Shapes

Before you can start drawing more complex objects, it is important to understand the basic shapes that make up everything around us. This includes circles, squares, rectangles, triangles, and ovals. By mastering these shapes, you can create the foundation for more complex drawings. Start by practicing drawing these shapes in different sizes and angles. This will help you understand the mechanics of each shape and how it can be used in different drawings.

2. Perspective Drawing

Perspective drawing is a technique used to create a three-dimensional illusion on a two-dimensional surface. This is done by creating vanishing points and drawing objects using converging lines that recede into the distance. This is an essential technique for drawing landscapes, cities, and other complex scenes. There are two types of perspective drawing: one-point perspective and two-point perspective.

3. Shading Techniques

Shading is a technique used to create the illusion of depth and form in a drawing. There are different shading techniques, including cross-hatching, stippling, and blending. Cross-hatching involves creating a pattern of overlapping lines that create value and texture. Stippling involves using dots to create value and texture. Blending involves using a blending tool or your finger to smooth out the value in a drawing. Experiment with different shading techniques to find the one that works best for you.

4. Contour Drawing

Contour drawing is a technique that involves drawing the outlines of an object without lifting your pencil from the paper. This technique helps to improve hand-eye coordination and observation skills. It also helps to develop a better understanding of the structure of objects. Start by finding a simple object to draw, and practice drawing its contours without lifting your pencil.

5. Gesture Drawing

Gesture drawing is a technique used to capture the movement and essence of a subject. This technique is commonly used when drawing figures, animals, and other moving objects. Gesture drawing involves drawing the basic shapes and lines of a subject quickly and loosely, without worrying about details. This helps to capture the essence of the subject and convey a sense of movement and energy.

6. Proportions and Anatomy

Proportions and anatomy are essential fundamentals for drawing realistic figures and animals. This requires a good understanding of the underlying structure and proportions of different body parts. For humans, the basic proportions are usually 7.5 to 8 heads in height. This means that the head is the size of one unit, and the body is divided into 7.5 to 8 units. For animals, the proportions may vary depending on the species. Study the proportions and anatomy of different subjects to improve your drawing skills.

7. Texture

Texture refers to the surface quality of an object, or how it feels to the touch. This can include smooth surfaces, rough surfaces, shiny surfaces, and more. Adding texture to a drawing can help to make it more realistic and believable. You can create texture using shading techniques, stippling, or cross-hatching. It is important to observe the texture of different surfaces in real life to understand how to create it in your drawings.

8. Composition

Composition refers to the arrangement of objects within a drawing. This includes the placement of objects, the size of objects, the angle of objects, and more. A good composition can make a drawing more dynamic and interesting to look at. It can also help to convey a specific message or emotion. Experiment with different compositions to find the one that works best for your drawing.

9. Color Theory

Color theory is the study of how colors interact with each other. This includes primary colors, secondary colors, complementary colors, and more. Understanding color theory can help you to create more harmonious and balanced drawings. It can also help you to convey specific moods or emotions through your use of color. Practice using different color combinations to see how they interact with each other.

10. Finding Your Style

Finally, it is important to find your own unique style when it comes to drawing. This is what sets you apart from other artists and makes your work stand out. Your style may be influenced by different techniques, subjects, or emotions. Practice drawing different subjects using different techniques to find your own unique style. This may take time, but with dedication and practice, you will eventually find what works best for you.


Drawing is a skill that requires practice and dedication. However, by learning and mastering these essential drawing techniques and fundamentals, you can become a skilled artist in no time. Remember to practice regularly, observe the world around you, and continue to learn and grow as an artist. With time and dedication, you can create your own unique masterpieces that inspire and captivate others.